MushTV Publications

MushTV Publications


MushTV Publications 


The European mushroom industry has come together to work with the main providers of applied mushroom research to focus on Trichoderma and Virus, two major problems for the industry. Disease control has been compromised by the withdrawal of key pesticides and disinfectants by the EU in recent years, such as the withdrawal of approval for formaldehyde as a disinfectant and carbendazim fungicide for Trichoderma control.


This project aims to provide research-based solutions for the mushroom industry to deal with these two relatively new major diseases affecting production. Application of the solutions developed by this project to the European mushroom industry will reduce crop losses and increase efficiency and competitiveness.


Below are the projects outputs, including the technical research-based information on how Trichoderma and Mushroom Virus X grow, survive and spread in mushroom compost in order to identify the weak links in the chain and the steps needed to strengthen them.



01/15 Use of chemical disinfectants in mushroom production

Authored by: Tim O’Neill, Mike Lole and Dan Drakes, ADAS, UK; Updated by Tim O’Neill and Robert Irving, ADAS, UK.Updated for  mushroom production by Johan Baars, Wageningen UR, Netherlands and Helen Grogan, Teagasc, Ireland

This factsheet examines the use of chemical disinfectants in mushroom production to prevent the spread of mushroom diseases. It is primarily a  reference document, providing information on available products, their efficacy and important considerations affecting product choice. Legislation  affecting use and disposal is also summarised.


This factsheet is also available in Dutch and Polish translations:

Dutch Translation: 01/15 Gebruik van chemische desinfectiemiddelen in de champignonproductie

Polish Translation: 01/15 Chemiczne środki dezynfekcyjne w uprawie pieczarek



02/15 Brown Cap Mushroom Virus (associated with Mushroom Virus X) prevention

Authored by: Caoimhe Fleming-Archibald, Teagasc, Ireland; Kerry Burton, East Malling Research, UK and Helen Grogan, Teagasc, Ireland

Brown Cap Mushroom Disease is the occurrence of ‘brown’ or ‘offwhite’ mushrooms in white strain mushroom crops. This browning symptom  has been the most prominent symptom associated with Mushroom Virus X (MVX) in recent years and is mainly associated with bulk Phase 3 (Phase  III) compost. MVX disease describes a range of symptoms which include pinning delay, crop loss, distortions and cap browning. Brown Cap Mushroom  Disease is associated with what we now know as ’Agaricus bisporus Virus 16 (AbV16)’ or ’Brown Cap Mushroom Virus (BCMV)’. This  factsheet summarises the biology, causes and control of this disease.


This factsheet is also available in Dutch and Polish translations:

Dutch Translation: 02/15 Preventie van het ‘bruine hoed’-virus bij champignons (geassocieerd met Virus X)

Polish Translation: 02/15 Zapobieganie chorobie brązowienia kapelusza pieczarki wywoływanej przez wirus X



03/15 Understanding Trichoderma aggressivum in Bulk Phase 3 compost

Authored by: Mairéad Kilpatrick, Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, Northern Ireland; Caoimhe Fleming-Archibald and Helen Grogan,  Teagasc, Ireland

The MushTV project investigated the epidemiology of T. aggressivum in Phase 3 (Phase III) compost: growth in a Bulk Phase 3 system,  distribution in the compost during tunnel emptying and transportation and how infected particles are distributed and detected during the bulk handling  and growing operations. This factsheet is a summary of the outcomes.


This factsheet is also available in Dutch and Polish translations:

Dutch Translation: 03/15 Inzicht in Trichoderma aggressivum in bulkfase 3-compost van Agaricus bisporus

Polish Translation: 03/15 Zielone pleśnie wywołane przez Trichoderma aggressivum w podłożu fazy III luzem



04/15 Fungal diseases of mushrooms and their control

Authored by: Nancy Pyck, INAGRO, Belgium and Helen Grogan, Teagasc, Ireland

Although there are many fungal pathogens, only a few of them cause severe crop losses. The main diseases of concern are Dry  Bubble (Verticillium, new name: Lecanicillium), Wet Bubble (Mycogone) and Cobweb (Dactylium, new name: Cladobotryum). Information  is provided on disease symptoms and recognition as well as on disease prevention and control. Sometimes, laboratory identification  is needed to distinguish between Dry and Wet Bubble, or to identify other pathogens such as bacteria (eg Pseudomonas tolaasii).

This factsheet is also available in Dutch and Polish translations:

Dutch Translation: 04/15 Schimmelziekten bij champignons en de bestrijding ervan

Polish Translation: 04/15 Choroby grzybowe pieczarek i ich zwalczanie