Location
Onion neck rot: seed infection, pathogens and treatments

Research

FV 423a - Onion neck rot: seed infection, pathogens and treatments

Start Date: 
01/02/2015
Completion Date: 
30/09/2015
Project Leader: 
Dr Steven J Roberts
Code: 
FV 423a

Industry representative: Sam Rix

HDC project cost: £31, 318

 

Project summary:

Neck rot can cause significant losses in stored onions. It is caused by three species of Botrytis: B. aclada, B. allii, B. bysoidea. B. bysoidea is thought to be less important; B. allii and aclada were previously lumped together as one species (B. allii). The disease is seed-borne but symptoms are not apparent in the field and only develop in store. It is likely that most seed is tested by seed companies, and is treated with fungicides. Nevertheless major losses still occur in some years. The absence of field symptoms means the link between seed-borne infection and storage losses is obscure; it is further affected by weather conditions and inoculum load, therefore there remains some controversy about the importance of seed infection. This project will provide an independent assessment of the prevalence and incidence of the disease in commercially available onion seed in the UK. We will also provide some insight into the relative importance of the two main species that cause it, both in seed in store, and examine the ability of seed treatment fungicides to control the disease. Finally we will also begin studies to determine if it matters which pathogen(s) is/are present on seed.
 
Aims and objectives:
 
Aims:
To provide UK growers with additional information on the incidence and prevalence of seed-borne Botrytis neck rot pathogens and options for their control.
Objectives:
1. Determine the prevalence and incidence of Botrytis neck rot pathogens on commercially available onion seed.
2. Obtain isolates of Botrytis neck rot pathogens from stored bulbs.
3. Identify isolated neck rot Botrytis spp. to species level.
4. Determine the fungicide sensitivity of selected isolates in vitro.
5. Determine the efficacy of fungicide seed treatments on apparent seed infection and seed transmission.
6. Determine if there is a difference in seed-to-seedling transmission between the the two Botrytis allii/aclada species.
7. Prepare a final report.