The increasingly erratic UK climate means that soil moisture levels are frequently sub-optimal.
Since the 1980s breeding of new scion and rootstock varieties at EMR has been partly funded by MAFF/Defra and partly by the industry through the East Malling Apple and Pear Breeding Club (APBC), a
Horticulture LINK project: HL 0194
Powdery mildew in apple is a regular problem in many orchards. Conventional control relies on synthetic fungicides and cultural practices such as cutting out primary mildew.
AHDB Horticulture Cost: £33, 631
Mouldy core is an internal dry rot of apples that is generally confined to the core area or the flesh immediately around the core.