Useful references on the topic

Useful references on the topic

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Aikman, D.P. (1989). Potential increase in photosynthetic efficiency from the redistribution of solar radiation in a crop. Journal of Experimental Botany 40: 855- 864.


Ainsworth, E., Rogers, A., Vodkin, L. O., Walter, A. and Schurr, U. (2006). The effects of elevated CO2 concentration on soybean gene expression. An analysis of growing and mature leaves. Plant Physiology, 142, 135-147.


Aldrich, R. A., Downs, R. J., Krizek, D. T. & Campbell, L. E. (1983). In: Ventilation of agricultural structures (Chapter 10). Hellickson, M. A. & Walker, J. N. (Eds). ASAE Monograph No. 6, 372 pp. American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St Joseph, Michigan, USA.


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Bailey B. J. (1994). Optimal control of greenhouse climate. Final Report of HDC Project PC 49.


Bailey, B. J. (2002). Tomatoes: Guidelines for CO2 enrichment: A Grower Guide. Published by HDC.


Bailey, B. J., Harral, B. B. and Fernandez, J. E. (1994). Air recirculation in greenhouses.  Final Report of HDC Project PC 47.


Bakker, J.C. & Van Holstein, G. P. A. (1989). Horizontal temperature distribution in heated glasshouses: causes and effects. Acta Horticulturae 245: 226-231.


Bakker, J.C., Bot, G. P. A., Challa, H. & Van de Braak, N. J. (Eds) (1995). Greenhouse Climate Control. Wageningen Pers, Wageningen.


Bartok, J.W. (2005). Horizontal Air Flow is Best for Greenhouse Air Circulation. Web guide Natural Resources Mgt. & Engr. Dept. University of Connecticut, Storrs CT.


Benton-Jones J. (2007). Tomato Plant Culture: In the Field, Greenhouse, and Home Garden, Second Edition published by CRC Press, USA.


Besford, R.T. (1990). The greenhouse effect. Acclimation of tomato plants growing in high CO2, relative changes in Calvin cycle enzymes. J. Plant Physiol. 136:458-463.


Besford, R. T., Ludwig, L. J. & Withers, A. C. (1990). The greenhouse effect: acclimation of tomato plants growing in high CO2, photosynthesis and ribulose-1,5- Bis phosphate carboxylase protein. Journal of Experimental Botany, 41: 925-931.


Blom, T.J., Straver, W.A., Ingratta F.J., Khosla S., Brown W. (2009). Carbon Dioxide in Greenhouses. Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. Factsheet  290/27 .


Boulard, T., Fatnassi, H., Roy, J.C., Lagier, J., Fargues, J., Smits, N., Rougier, M. & Jeannequin, B. (2004). Effect of greenhouse ventilation on humidity of inside air and in leaf boundary-layer. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 125, 225-239.


Boulard, T., Mermier, M., Fargues, J., Smits, N., Rougier, M. & Roy, J.C. (2002). Tomato leaf boundary layer climate: implications for microbiological whitefly control in greenhouses. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 110, 159-176.


Bradley, M. R., Bailey, B. J. & Robertson, A. (1994). Review of greenhouse design and technology for tomato and cucumber production. Final Report of HDC Project PC 68.


Bunce, J. A. (1984). Effects of humidity on photosynthesis. Journal of Experimental Botany, 35: 1245-1251.


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Bunce, J.A.  (2001). Seasonal patterns of photosynthetic response and acclimation to elevated carbon dioxide in field­grown strawberry.  Photosynthesis Research 68: 237­245.


Bunce, J.A.  (2005). Seed yield of soybeans with daytime or continuous elevation of carbon dioxide under field conditions.  Photosynthetica 43: 435­438.


Bushway, L.J. and Pritts, M.P. (2002). Enhancing early spring microclimate to increase

carbon carbon resources and productivity in June bearing strawberry. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 127: 415­422.


Chalabi, Z.S., Biro, A., Bailey, B.J., Aikman, D.P. & Cockshull, K.E. (2002). Optimal control strategies for carbon dioxide enrichment in greenhouse tomato crops - Part 1: Using pure carbon dioxide. Biosystems Engineering 81: 421-431.


Chalabi, Z.S., Biro, A., Bailey, B.J., Aikman, D.P. & Cockshull, K.E. (2002). Optimal control strategies for carbon dioxide enrichment in greenhouse tomato crops - Part II: Using the exhaust gases of natural gas fired boilers. Biosystems Engineering 81: 323-332.


Challa, H. & Bakker, M. J. (1995).  Potential production within the greenhouse environment. In: The Greenhouse Ecosystem. Enoch H.Z. & Stanhill, G. Eds. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


Chaudhary, G. N., Mirza, M. and Chambers, A. (2004). Reducing energy costs to improve growth potential of the Alberta greenhouse industry. Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development.


Cockshull K.E. (1988).  Energy saving: the use of thermal screens in glasshouses.  Final report on Horticultural Development Council Project PC 4, 27pp.


Cockshull, K. & Fuller, D. (2001). Summer CO2 for chrysanthemums. Grower 136 (7), (16.08.01), 18-19.


Cockshull, K., Adams, S. and Plackett, C. (2002). Smart temperature control. Grower 138 (14), (03 October 2002): 20-21.


Critten D. L. (1989). Light transmission into greenhouses. Acta Horticulturae 245: 377- 383.


Critten D. L. (1993). A review of light transmission into greenhouse crops. Acta Horticulturae 328: 9-31.


Critten, D. L. & Bailey B.J. (2002). A review of greenhouse engineering developments during the 1990s. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 112: 1-22.


Davies, T.W. (1999). A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) study of flow patterns, temperature distributions and CO2 dispersal in tomato glasshouses. PC 162. Annual Report 1999.


Davies, T.W. (2001). A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) study of flow patterns, temperature distributions and CO2 dispersal in tomato glasshouses. PC 162. Interim Report 2001.


Davies, T.W. (2002). A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) study of flow patterns, temperature distributions and CO2 dispersal in tomato glasshouses. PC 162. Final Report 2002.


Deng, X. and Woodward, F.I.  (1998). The growth and yield responses of Fragaria ananassa

to elevated CO2 and N supply.  Annals of Botany 81: 67­71.


Dennis, D.J. (1981). Effects of carbon dioxide enrichment and temperature programme on the growth and yield of glasshouse cucumbers. Acta Hortic. 118, 205-220.


Fernandez, J.E. & Bailey B.J. (1994).  The influence of fans on environmental conditions in greenhouses. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 58: 201- 210.


Geiger, M., Walch-Liu, P., Engels, C., Harnecker, J., Schulze, E. D., Ludewig, F., Sonnewald, U., Scheible, W. R. and Stitt, M. (1998). Enhanced carbon dioxide leads to a modified diurnal rhythym of nitrate reductase activity in older plants, and a large stimulation of nitrate reductase activity and higher levels of amino acids in young tobacco plants. Plant Cell and Environment, 21 (3), 253-268.


Gijzen, H. (1992). Simulation of photosynthesis and dry matter production of greenhouse crops.  Simulation Report CABO-TT No. 28, Wageningen, 69pp.


Goldsberry K.L. (1961). The effects of carbon dioxide on carnation growth. Thesis submitted for the Degree of Master of Science Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado.


Grace J. & Wilson, J. (1981). The boundary layer over a Populus leaf. Journal of Experimental Botany 27: 231-241.


Grace J. (1981). Some effects of wind on plants. In: Plants and their Atmospheric Environment (Eds Grace, J., Ford, E. D. & Jarvis P. G.). Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 31-56.


Grange, R. I. & Hand, D. W. (1987). A review of the effects of atmospheric humidity. Journal of Horticultural Science, 62: 125-134.


Grange, R. I. & Hurd, R. G. (1983).  Thermal screens - environmental and plant studies. Scientia Horticulturae 19: 201-211.


Hand, D. W. (1984). Crop responses to winter and summer CO2 enrichment. Acta Horticulturae 162: 45-63.


Hand, D. W. (1990). CO2 enrichment in greenhouses: problems of CO2 acclimation and gaseous air pollutants. Acta Horticulturae 268: 81-102.


Hand D.W. and Cockshull K.E. (1975).  Roses I.  The effects of CO2 enrichment on winter bloom production.  J. Hort. Sci. 50, 193-206.


Hashimoto, Y., Bot, G. P. A., Day, W., Tantau, H.-J. & Nonami, H. (Eds) (1993). The Computerized Greenhouse. Academic Press, London.


Hausbeck M. K. & Moorman, G. W. (1996). Managing botrytis in greenhouse grown flower crops. Plant Disease 80, 1212-1219.


Hausbeck M. K., Pennypacker, S. P. & Stevenson, R. E. (1996).  The effect of plastic mulch and forced heated air on Botrytis cinerea on geranium stock plants in a research greenhouse. Plant Disease 80, 170-173.


Haworth, M., Moser, G., Raschi, A., kammann, C., Grunhage, L. and Muller, C. (2016). Carbon dioxide fertilisation and supressed respiration induce enhanced spring biomass production in a mixed species temperate meadow exposed to moderate carbon dioxide enrichment. Functional Plant Biology, 43 (1), 26-39


Heins, R. D., Karlsson, M. G., Flore, J. A. and Carlson, W. H. (1986). Effects of photosynthetic rate maximization on chrysanthemum growth and development. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 111: 42-46.


Holder R. and Cockshull K.E. (1990).  The effects of humidity on the growth and yield of glasshouse tomatoes.  J. Hort. Sci. 65, 31-39.


Janse, J. (2014). Tasty strawberries with LEDs. Web article Wageningen UR, Holland.


Jarvis, P. G. & McNaughton, K. G. (1986).  Stomatal control of transpiration: scaling up from leaf to region. Advances in Ecological Research 15: 1-49.


Jarvis, P. G. (1985). Coupling of transpiration to the atmosphere in horticultural crops: the omega factor. Acta Horticulturae 171: 187-205.


Jolliet, O. & Bailey, B. J. (1992). The effect of climate on tomato transpiration in greenhouses: measurements and models comparison. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 58: 43-62.


Jones, H. G. (1983). Plants and microclimate. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.


Kim, H-H., Goins, G. D., Wheeler, R. M. & Sager, J. C. (2004). Green-light supplementation for enhanced lettuce growth under red- and blue-light-emitting diodes. HortScience 39: 1617-1622.


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Kimball, B.A. & Idso, S. B. (1983).  Increasing atmospheric CO2: effects on crop yield, water use and climate. Agricultural Water Management 7: 55-72.


Kimball, B.A. (1983). Carbon dioxide and agricultural yield: an assemblage and analysis of over 770 prior observations. Water Conservation Laboratory Report 14, Phoenix, Arizona, 71pp.


Langer, K-. H., Schmidt, S. & Dietrich, W. (1990). Einrichtung und Nutzung eines bodennahen Verteilungssystems für CO2 in Gewächshäusern. Gartenbau 37(3): 78-79.


Langley, A. and Megonigal, J. P. (2010). Ecosystem response to elevated CO2 levels limited by nitrogen-induced plant species shift. Nature, 466, 96-99.


Langton, A. & Hamer, P. (2003). RH where it matters! Grower 140 (22), (27 November 2003), 20-21.


Leakey, A. D. B., Ainsworth, E. A., Bernacchi, C. J., Rogers, A., Long, S. P. and Ort, D. R. (2009). Elevated CO2 effects on plant carbon, nitrogen, and water relations: six important lessons from FACE. Journal of Experimental Botany, 60 (10), 2859-2876.


Lovelidge, B. (2004). GroDome technology geared to minimise costs. The Commercial Greenhouse Grower, October 2004, 29-30.


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Matsuda, R., Nakano, A., Ahn, D. H., Suzuki, K., Yasuba, K.I. and Takaichi, M. (2011). Growth characteristic and sink strength of fruit at different CO2 concentrations in a Japanese and a Dutch tomato cultivar. Scientia horticulturae, 127 (4), 528-534.


McCormick, A. J., Cramer, M. D. and Watt, D. A. (2006). Sink strength regulates photosynthesis in sugarcane. New Phytologist, 171 (4), 759-770.


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Miglietta, F., Peressotti, A. and Vaccari, F. P. (2001). Free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) of a poplar plantations: the POPFACE fumigation system. New Phytologist, 150 (2), 465-476.


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Morison, J. I. L. & Gifford, R. M. (1983).  Stomatal sensitivity to carbon dioxide and humidity: a comparison of two C3 and two C4 grass species. Plant Physiology, 71: 789-796.


Morison, J. I. L. (1985).  Sensitivity of stomata and water use efficiency to high CO2. Plant, Cell and Environment, 8: 467-474.


Nederhof, E. M., de Koning, A. N. M. and Rijsdijk, A. A. (1992). Leaf deformation and fruit production of glasshouse tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) as affected by CO2, plant density and pruning. Journal of Horticultural Science, 67(3), 411-420.


Nederhoff, E.M. & Vegter, J.G. (1994). Photosynthesis of stands of tomato, cucumber and sweet pepper measured in greenhouses under various CO2 concentrations. Annals of Botany 73; 353-361.


Nederhoff, E.M. (1994). Effects of CO2 concentration on photosynthesis, transpiration and production of greenhouse fruit vegetable crops. Dissertation, Agricultural University, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 213pp.


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Plackett, C. W., Adams, S. R. & Cockshull, K. E. (2002). A technical and economic appraisal of technologies and practices Predicting effects of vegetation changes on transpiration and evaporation. In: to improve the energy efficiency of protected salad crop production in the UK. Interim Report of HDC Project PC 188.


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Scheible, W. R. and Stitt, M. (1998). Enhanced carbon dioxide leads to a modified diurnal rhythym of nitrate reductase activity in older plants, and a large stimulation of nitrate reductase activity and higher levels of amino acids in young tobacco plants. Plant Cell and Environment, 21 (3), 253-268.


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Publisher and pages unknown.


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This review has been pulled together from AHDB funded work and also information available on the web. Particular acknowledgement is given to the input of Gerry Hayman, Ken Cockshull, Chris Plackett, Ewan Gauge, Phil Morley, Debbie Wilson, Grace Emeny, Georgina Key, Grace Choto and Becky Turner.


Click on the links below for further information: