Winter protection of container grown nursery stock

The protection of container grown nursery stock during the winter months is an essential component of quality production systems. Although recent winters have been relatively mild, a substantial quantity of container stock is frequently lost or downgraded due to winter injury. Such losses are often linked to waterlogged containers, a lack of effective winter protection and, most notably, inadequate conditioning of plants prior to the winter period. This factsheet considers the principal causes of winter damage and details practical measures that growers can take to reduce losses.